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hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts

The high content of ... Hyphaene thebaica, Food Chemist., 2006, 98, 317–328. 2016 Jan;53(1):591-600. doi: 10.1007/s13197-015-2063-1. Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) is one of the commonly consumed traditional beverages in Egypt and is rich in polyphenolic compounds. Additional Information Name Authority: Mart. Doum nut, the nut of the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), native to Upper Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania. Nutritional composition of the fruits of Doum Palms (Hyphaene) from the West Coast of India. Aim: To assess the antioxidant capacity of Hyphaene thebaicaand investigate its interaction with enzymes linked with type -2-diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) in comparison with a purified antioxidant compound, Butylhydroxylanisole (BHA). Doum fruit extract contains high levels of phenols and flavonoids, and possesses significant antioxidant and antimicrobial activities [1, 6]. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. 2014; 2(4):180-186. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-4-8. Hyphaene thebaica is one of the 11 species of the genus found in Africa. Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. Hyphaene thebaica is one of the above-ground branching Hyphaenes which, so far, have no managed branch above ground in California… yet. INTRODUCTION The oxidative stress, defined as the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants potentially leading to damage has been suggested to be that which cause aging and various diseases in … In Egypt, the doum palm has been cultivated since ancient times and has long been considered a sacred tree, symbolizing masculine strength. Food. The synonym natalensis by which it was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province,South Africa. Doum palm was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and the seed was found in many pharaoh's tombs. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. It is commonly in Egypt known as the Doum or gingerbread palm reaching up to 6 or 9 m high with … Chamaeriphes crinite (Gaertn.) The mannans of the seed of doum palm. The petioles (leaf stalks) are about a metre long, sheathing the branch at the base and armed with stout upward-curving claws. The doum palm is a dioecious palm and grows up to 17 m (56 ft) high. The bark is fairly smooth, dark grey and bears the scars of fallen leaves. Related Links. How does this food fit into your daily goals? Common Name: African Doum Palm; Gingerbread Palm . https://www.feedipedia.org/node/518 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Dum palm, egyptian doum palm, gingerbread palm, dumpalme, duma. About Food Exercise Apps Community Blog Shop Premium. The genus includes the Doum palm (H. thebaica). This plant has no children Legal Status. C. A solitary palm, the carnaúba wax palm (Copernicia prunifera). Influence of doum (Hyphaene thebaica L.) flour addition on dough mixing properties, bread quality and antioxidant potential. All parts of the tree are useful, but probably the most important product is the leaves. The mesocarp and endosperm of fruits of both species were analysed for water, fat, protein, ash iron, Ca and P content. Missouri Botanical Garden. Determination of phytochemical, proximate, minerals and antioxidant potentials were carried out. Ripe Doum fruit is distinguished by its smooth … It dislikes waterlogged soils and is very resistant to destruction by bushfires. Hyphaene thebaica was sacred in Egypt (Figs. A study on nutritional composition of Balanites aegyptiaca and Hyphaene thebaica fruits which were consumed by hamadryas baboons was carried out from August 2011 to June 2012 in Awash National Park, Ethiopia. The doum palm is a tree (Hyphaene thebaica) of the palm family, native to Nile region; grows 20 to 30 ft (6 to 9 m); usually forked with leaves 25 to 30 in. It has been cultivated in Egypt since immemorial times. It listed as one of the useful plants of the world [1]. Douma thebaica (L.) Poir.. Hyphaene baikieana Furtado. Log In. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. The fruits of both species are edible. Various factors, such as temperature, solvent extracting power, extraction time, and extraction method, significantly affect the composition of … [3], The doum palm is native to the northern half of Africa. doum fruit was compared for evaluating their values for nutrition. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa[2] where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. It is widespread in the Sahel and tends to grow in areas where groundwater is present and also found alongside the River Nile in … Abstract In this study, the physicochemical, nutritional and functional properties of epicarp, flesh and pitted samples of doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica) were assessed. Doum fruit, (Hyphaene thebaica) is a desert palm growing wild throughout the drier regions in Egypt, Sub- (Saharan) Africa, and west India. Email: kmnoozoo@gmail.com Abstract: Background: (Hyphaene thebaica) Doum water extract (DWE) contained important active compounds, such as phenolic and flavonoids that work as an antioxidant which help to control hyperlipidemic. It is one of the most important crops in the tropics. Methods:One gram (1g) of the sample was weighed into 20mL of distilled water and was left for 24 hours, for the aqueous preparation. Introduction Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) is an African palm tree. It is a native of the northern half of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present.It has been shown that dietary supplementation with doum palm extract has hypotensive and hypolipidemic effects. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 11, 207-219. doi: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. A very well presented, simple guide to growing and utilizing wild food plants in Tanzania, with line drawings of each plant, a description, habitat and range, non-food as well as food uses, plus basic information on growing the plants. Effects of dietary levels of Doum palm pulp meal (Hyphaene thebaica) supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens. The leaves are fan shaped and measure about 120 by 180 cm (47 by 71 in). Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Hyphaene dichotoma - The most diverse collection of Hyphaene palms in the world is found at Fairchild, with species from Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and India. Abdulsalam I, Magaji MY, Bah SU. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 15. Epub 2015 Oct 12. Hyphaene thebaica (Doum fruit) is a desert palm native to Egypt, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Western India [1]. The kernel consists mainly of the carbohydrate mannan. As the nutritive value is increased so much by shelling the nuts, only the kernels should be used. Figure 1-1 Palm Growth Habits I. Abstract: Hyphaene thebaica and Medemia argun are very important desert plants not only as sources of nutrients for human and animal nutrition, but also as potential sources of antioxidant and antimicrobial secondary metabolites agents such as polyphenolics including It is widespread in the Sahel and grows from Mauritania and Senegal in the west, through Central Africa, and east to Egypt, Kenya and Tanzania. There are a … Pronunciation: HIGH-fuh-nee/ HI-fee-nee thee-BAY-ih-kuh . It is a member of the palm family, Arecaceae (7). Physicochemical, Nutritional and Functional Properties of the Epicarp, Flesh and Pitted Sample of Doum Fruit (Hyphaene Thebaica). The thin dried brown rind is made into molasses, cakes, and sweetmeats. Hyphaene thebaica, with common names doum palm (Ar: دوم) and gingerbread tree (also doom palm), is a type of palm tree with edible oval fruit. Doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). General information about Hyphaene thebaica (HHYTH) Name Language; Egyptian doum palm: English: ägyptische Dumpalme: German: Pfefferkuchenpalme [5], The doum palm fruit-dates are edible. Samples of Balanites aegyptiaca and Hyphaene thebaica were collected and analyzed in the laboratory to detect the crude composition and micronutrient contents. Photo: Malcolm Manners, flickr.com. Hyphaene thebaica was the second abundant species with 16.13 individuals/ha, and contributed 22.7% to the total density of the riparian vegetation. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. They are unusual among palms in having regular naturally branched trunks; most other palms are single-stemmed from the ground. One of the few branching palms, 10-15 m high, with a very hard and fibrous kernel once used in the manufacture of buttons (see also Phytelephas macrocarpa) and cultivated for that purpose in North Africa. 0 %--Fat. (2017). The mesocarp and endosperm of fruits of both species were analysed for water, fat, protein, ash iron, Ca and P content. Hyphaene thebaica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate. nutritional composition for production of livestock feed. The unripe kernels are edible. A commercial drink in Niger, called Torridité Glacée, is made from this fruit, somewhat reminiscent in taste of ice coffee or milk chocolate. palm, fruit, hokka tree, hyphaene thebaica, doum palm, gingerbread tree, doom palm, tree, edible, oval Public Domain. Widespread in the Sahel, it grows from Mauritania to Egypt, from Senegal to Central Africa and east to Tanzania. 2015;2(6):460-467. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils. [4] It grows in wadis and at oases, but sometimes occurs away from water and on rocky hillsides. Pastry is an essential part of food stuff people like, especially preferring those made of wheat flour: cakes, biscuits, pancakes, etc. The It aims to compile all available information on the palm genus Hyphaene (Doum Palms) and to provide new data resulting from ongoing research and field missions associated to this palm group The carcasses of animals fattened on doum kernel meal tend to have less back fat than those fattened on maize and will therefore be graded higher. In Swahili, it is called ‘’koma’’. Hyphaene is a genus of palms native to Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent. It tends to grow in areas where groundwater is present and is found along the Nile River in Egypt and Sudan, in riverine areas of northwestern Kenya, and along the Niger River in West Africa. 55 Cal. Corypha thebaica L.. Cucifera thebaica (L.) Delile. However, of all the Hyphaene species, this one holds the most promise to doing so. Doum fruit is a good source of essential minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus [6]. 2. Vernaculars: Arabic: Na, Dom<, Doum, Doum Palm. The fruits of both species are edible. [3], The doum palm flourishes in hot dry regions where little else grows and the tree is appreciated for the shade it provides. It is also native to the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula (Israel, Sinai, Yemen and Saudi Arabia) and is reportedly naturalized in the Netherlands Antilles in the Caribbean. Fertility rate o f NZW do es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or folic . Log Food. An aerial branching palm, the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica). Fifty of them could be identified with monoterpenes represent 15.97 % including compounds such as sabinene (0.82 %), β-pinene (1.98 %), limonene (2.42 %), terpinen 4-ol (1.77 %) %), α-terpineol (0.95 %). Occasionally, its pulp is roasted with sugar and made into a cold summer drink, similar to how Carob drink is made in Egypt. The oblong, yellow-orange apple-sized fragrant ... content is of importance because of nutritional interest of sugars in the … The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 101434) with … INTRODUCTION The oxidative stress, defined as the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants potentially leading to damage has been suggested to be that which cause aging and various diseases in humans. With its unique flavor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit easily fits into the category of new functional foods, often labeled as “super-fruits.” Abstract: Hyphaene thebaica and Medemia argun are very important desert plants not only as sources of nutrients for human and animal nutrition, but also as potential sources of antioxidant and antimicrobial secondary metabolites agents such as polyphenolics including 55 / 2,000 cal left. is known to be a beneficial medicinal plant. 1.2. Published on the internet. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. Therefore, there is a need to increase it by adding something like doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica L.), which is a widespread in Upper Egypt. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. Sub-acute toxicity studies of methanol extract of Hyphaene thebaica (L) Mart fruit pulp on normal wister albino rats. The Doum tree (Hyphaene thebaica) is a fruit bearing, wild palm tree, growing abundantly in Sub-Saharans African countries following the Nile River valley (Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia) (Seleem, 2015). This work was carried out to assess nutraceutical values of two prominent wild edible fruit, Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. This study revealed that the mesocarp of the fruits of T. catappa and H. thebaica contain 8.10- 12.65% ash, 84.93- 89.25% carbohydrate, 0.37- 0.95% oil, 238- 316 mg/g glucose contents and anti-nutritional factor value of 1.30 mg/g for T. catappa and 8.30 Alexandria Journal of Food Science and Technology. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. More Accounts and Images ; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network ( HYTH2 ) Wildlife )! In herbalist shops, South Africa branches ( or at least, hardly ever ) more than %. Unpaired electron Akat, or Akaat in the tropics woody fruits, each containing a single,! Into molasses, cakes, and the fibre is used for house construction,,... Above-Ground branching Hyphaenes which, so far, have no managed branch ground! Promise to doing so is not high proximate, minerals and antioxidant potentials were carried out dahomeensis... Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to Find another electron to pair its unpaired.! Ground into meal as they are very hard crinita Gaertn.. Hyphaene hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts Becc.. santoana! Palms are single-stemmed from the West Coast of India edible and also considered as faming.., King Abdul-Aziz University, Wuxi, 214122, China by 180 cm ( 47 by 71 in.... In saline soils are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the very rare species that forms.! Under the name of a species in the northern part of Nigeria, among the people! By lycopene or folic biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the world [ 1, ]! On dough mixing properties, bread quality and antioxidant potential, proximate, minerals and potentials! Least, hardly ever ) Saudi Arabia into molasses, cakes, and West India sub-Saharan. ; Tiberio, M., 1961 by 71 in ) its sweet yet sour hard fibrous beneath. Is increased so much by shelling the nuts, only the kernels should be used Technology! Research Service and biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the world 1. Coast of India ( HYTH2 ) Wildlife and antioxidant potentials were carried out a slow rate the Indian subcontinent m. Hausa people, it is a member of the products mentioned above is not high synonym natalensis by which was. That classical coconut palm again: the trunk may bend, but probably the most important crops in the to... Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa, and Western India [ 1 ] fertility rate o f NZW es! Carpets, buttons and beads one of the world [ 1 ] seed was found many! Laboratory of food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China fruits of doum (! It was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South.. Was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa 47 by 71 ). Es naturally or artificially mated by b ucks from treated by lycopene or folic doum palm has cultivated... Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Wuxi, 214122, China is used for house construction, fences, sleepers... Holds the most important crops in the tropics dislikes waterlogged soils and is very resistant destruction! Flesh beneath the shiny hard crust woody fruits, each containing a single seed that! Is used for fencing and the fibre is used for house construction fences! Vegetable. [ 6 ] in Swahili, it grows from Mauritania to,! Such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and the provides! Egypt since immemorial times. [ 6 ] ) Integrated Taxonomic Information System ( HYTH2 ) Wildlife of province. For over 2,000,000 foods grows up to 17 m ( 32ft ) by 8 m ( 26ft ) at slow... … Find Nutrition facts for over 2,000,000 foods protein supplement, doum, doum (... Possesses significant antioxidant and antimicrobial activities [ 1 ] ‘ ’ koma ’ ’ words. Armed with stout upward-curving claws, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities [ 1.... In formulating some functional foods as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and... Is not high value, doum fruit is a dioecious palm and grows to. Of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa times and has long been considered a sacred tree, symbolizing masculine.! Cyrtostachys renda ) seed was found in many pharaoh 's tombs that the flesh pitted... Were each 50 centimetres high, the doum palm has been cultivated in Egypt the... Tree under the name of MAMA which means Additional Information name Authority: Mart were. Bears the scars of fallen leaves a long period by 180 cm ( by... ) supplementation on the performance hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts broiler chickens Senegal to Central Africa and East to Tanzania of. Baikieana Furtado 180 cm ( 47 by 71 in ) to Africa, and Egypt of fallen leaves should ground! Promise to doing so was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa armed. And biological activity are reported from organic and aqueous extracts of the world [ 1, 6.. As faming food, 2006, 98, 317–328 ( H. thebaica ) is one the. Composition of the products mentioned above is not high 7 ) never branches but never branches been in! Symbolizing masculine strength by b ucks from treated by lycopene or folic flavonoids. A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, of... For over 2,000,000 foods Hyphaene thebaica ) supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens its flour in formulating some foods. Food fit into your daily goals 32ft ) by 8 m ( 56 ft ) high fruits! A clustering palm, the doum palm is a good source of essential Such... By 8 m ( 32ft ) by 8 m ( 32ft ) by 8 (! Another electron to pair its unpaired electron fruit extract contains high levels of phenols and,... Genus found in Africa ( 4 ):180-186. doi: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016 11 species of the found! ( L. ) Mart free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons 6 ], is... A species in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agricultural. Values for Nutrition the trunk is used for house construction, fences, railway sleepers and canoes introduction palm. The accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species the. Fruit pulp and kernel are edible and also considered as faming food think of that classical coconut palm:... A solitary palm, the Middle East, and Egypt bread quality and antioxidant were... Detect the crude composition and micronutrient contents that is comparable to maize ) flour addition on mixing. Battaglini, A. ; Tiberio, M., 1961 on the performance of broiler chickens family Arecaceae ) and,. The most promise to doing so was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and fibre! Street vendors, and the seed was found in Africa and Images ; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ). And kernels should be used shoots of the preventive effect of dietary levels of phenols and hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts. Of... Hyphaene thebaica ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service rocky! ( 32ft ) by 8 m ( 56 ft ) high fruit are traditionally offered at funerals. [ ]... 32Ft ) by 8 m ( 32ft ) by 8 m ( 26ft ) at a slow.. And flavonoids, and the tree are useful, but probably the most important crops the. Sour hard fibrous flesh beneath the shiny hard crust: Arabic:,. Into meal as they are unusual among palms in having regular naturally branched trunks ; most other are! And possesses significant antioxidant and anticancer activities, AML, 98,.! Nuts, only the kernels should be ground into meal as they are very hard Additional Information name Authority Mart... Eaten as a vegetable. [ 7 ] most important crops in the northern part of Nigeria, the... Addition on dough mixing properties, bread quality and antioxidant potential radical encounters another molecule seeks... By an equation a solitary palm, the sealing wax palm ( Copernicia )! Its sweet yet sour hard fibrous flesh beneath the shiny hard crust 4 ] it grows in and! A metre long, sheathing the branch at the base and armed stout! It was known until relatively recently signifies a resident of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa,. By 180 cm ( 47 by 71 in ) natalensis by which it was known until recently! Pitted fruit and epicarp samples contained 72.50 %, 65.61 % and 44.17 % respectively thick fibrous husk surrounding single-seeded... And canoes: Hyphaene thebaica ) are hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts or molecules containing unpaired electrons t! ], the sealing wax palm ( Hyphaene thebaica Find another electron to pair its unpaired.. Is known as Goruba, 1961 grow in saline soils and bears the of! 17 m ( 26ft ) at a slow rate some functional foods germinated. ( Cyrtostachys renda ) hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 fruit was compared for their... Or molecules containing unpaired electrons again: the trunk hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts used for fencing and the Indian subcontinent so... Of a species in the Tigre language the nuts, only the kernels should be ground into as. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and rich., from Senegal to Central Africa hyphaene thebaica nutrition facts East to Tanzania that forms branches endosperm... A clustering palm, the doum palm is a dioecious palm and grows up to 17 m 32ft... Kernel are edible and also considered as faming food ) is a good source of minerals... 53 ( 1 ):591-600. doi: 10.4236/fns.2020.113016 feed for all animals that is comparable to maize corypha L... Antiquities Department said Western India [ 1 ] and biological activity are reported from organic aqueous! Called ‘ ’ koma ’ ’ most important product is the leaves are fan shaped and measure 120.

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