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russian civil war summary

A United Nations-sponsored armistice finally ended the war in 1997. By 1921 cultivated land had shrunk to 62% of the pre-war area, and the harvest yield was only about 37% of … The October Revolutionwas a much more deliberate event, orchestrated by a small groupof people. They focused on the fighting the Bolshevik socialism. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Although the Russian army had great numbers, the soldiers were not equipped or trained to fight. It can also be roughly split into the following periods. E-mail Citation » This is a general overview in a very readable, narrative style, more descriptive than interpretative or analytical. Other forces fought against both these groups or sometimes helped one against the other. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. The civil war was at its peak during its first year and dragged on for five years, devastating the country. )", "Tajikistan's Civil War: A Nightmare The Government Won't Let Its People Forget", Дубовицкий, Виктор. War Communism saved the Soviet government during the Civil War, but much of the Russian economy had ground to a standstill. Trotsky and Vicietis created a disciplined and efficiently fighting Red Army which made them win at the end of the day. Already on the date of the Revolution, Cossack General Kaledin refused to recognize it and assumed full governmental authority in the Don region, where the Volunteer Army began amassing support. Февраль 2003, "The Tajik civil war: Causes and dynamics", "TAJIKISTAN CIVIL WAR - Facts and Details", "Tajikistan's Unconquerable Gorno-Badakhshan Region", "The Many Agents Of Tajikistan's Path To Peace", Political Construction Sites: Nation-building in Russia and the Post-Soviet States, "Department Sozialwissenschaften : Institut für Politische Wissenschaft : Arbeits- und Forschungsstellen : Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kriegsursachenforschung : Kriege-Archiv : ... VMO : 208 Tadschikistan (BK) - Bewaffneter Konflikt in Tadschikistan 1992-1998 und 1998-2001 (Universität Hamburg)", Human Rights Watch Press Backgrounder on Tajikistan, Tajikistan: Refugee reintegration and conflict prevention, Human Rights Watch World Report: Tajikistan, Tajikistan: Opposition warns it may not sign peace accord, Tajikistan: Opposition may not sign peace accord tomorrow, Tajikistan: rising from the ashes of civil war, Key texts and agreements in the Tajikistan peace process, Tajikistan: Opposition criticizes Dushanbe's plan for Commission, Tajikistan: Two Russian military personnel killed, Tajikistan: Secular -- not Shari'a -- law prevails in eastern mountains, Sino-Russian border conflicts (1652–1689), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Eastern European anti-Communist insurgencies, Predictions of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Removal of Hungary's border fence with Austria, 2014–2015 India–Pakistan border skirmishes, 2016–2018 India–Pakistan border skirmishes, Jammu and Kashmir insurgency (1989–present), Insurgency in Northeast India (1964–present), Naxalite–Maoist insurgency (1967–present), India–Pakistan border skirmishes (2014–2015), India–Pakistan border skirmishes (2016–2018), Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (2004–present), FULRO insurgency against Vietnam (1964–92), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tajikistani_Civil_War&oldid=996940154, Civil wars involving the states and peoples of Asia, Articles to be expanded from September 2012, Articles needing translation from Russian Wikipedia, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. World War I In 1914, World War I began and Russia was at war with Germany. Immediately after the two Revolutions of 1917, the Civil War broke out in the former Russian Empire. To tsarists, liberals, Mensheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries alike, the Bolsheviks had not only betrayed the promise of a democratic government, they had also betrayed Russia to the German Kaiser. Many of them were sent into battle without shoes, food, and even weapons. The number of those killed was estimated at anywhere from 30,000 to as many as 60,000. Because white forces were better trained, Trotsky sought the superiority in numbers. Summary Civil War In November 1917, Lenin's Bolsheviks held St. Petersburg (Petrograd) but little else, and it seemed unlikely that they could possibly establish permanent control over the vastnesses of Russia. The peace agreement completely eliminated the Leninabad region (Khujand) from power. Russian Civil War Summary The treaty of B-L provided the context for the Civil War. The signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovskalso resulted in direct Allied interven… Akbar Turajonzoda, second-in-command of the UTO, repeated this warning on 26 June, but said both sides were negotiating. Before and during the Civil War, the North and South differed greatly on economic issues. Kolchak was thrown back to the Volga in May 1919. The rebel groups were led by a combination of liberal democratic reformers[8] and Islamists, who would later organize under the banner of the United Tajik Opposition. [9] On 27 June 1997, Tajikistan president Emomali Rahmon, United Tajik Opposition (UTO) leader Sayid Abdulloh Nuri and Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General Gerd Merrem signed the "General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan" and the "Moscow Protocol' in Moscow, Russia, ending the war.[16]. The government, on the other hand, was dominated by people from the Leninabadi region, which had also made up most of the ruling elite during the entire Soviet period. The Bolsheviks, who led this coup, preparedtheir coup in only six months. By Nov Denikin was 250 miles away from Moscow but retreated because of the stronger red army (they had bigger numbers). It was made up of peasants and workers and the Red Guard. The Bolshevik victory ensured the supremacy of the Russian Communists in the nascent Soviet Union. Immediately download the Russian Civil War summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Russian Civil War. There were numerous prerequisites for civil war in Tajikistan, such as economic hardship, communal way of life of Tajiki people and their high religiousness. President Rahmonov, UTO leader Sayid Abdulloh Nuri and Russian President Boris Yeltsin met in the Kremlin in Moscow on 26 June to finish negotiating the peace agreement. In January 1918 the Bolsheviks dissolved the Russian Constituent Assembly and proclaimed the Soviets (workers' councils) as the new government of Russia. Responding to wartime devastation, famine, and popular uprisings, in 1921 Lenin encouraged economic growth through the market-oriented New Economic Policy. In Russia, the civil war was fought between the Red Army and the White Army - essentially between Russians who espouse… War communism was one of the main impacts of the civil war and it lead to a number of things including: poor conditions in the towns: Books/furniture used for fire, Hyperinflation made money worthless, Factories were transformed to produce guns and black markets sprung up everywhere. [10][12] An estimated 20,000[13] to 100,000 people were killed by June 1997[14][15] and about 10 to 20 percent of the population were internally displaced. The October Revolution (also called the BolshevikRevolution) overturned the interim provisional governmentand established the Soviet Union. Most fighting in the early part of the war occurred in the southern part of the country, but by 1996 the rebels were battling Russian troops in the capital city of Dushanbe. Russian Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov met with the Foreign Ministers of Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to discuss the proposed peace accord. The treaty of B-L provided the context for the Civil War. The northern elite wanted economic expansion that would change the southern (slave-holding) way of life. The war resolved two fundamental questions left unresolved by the revolution: whether the United States was to be a dissolvable confederation of sovereign states or an indivisible nation with a sovereign national gove… The remaining scattered resistance was more or less a matter of mopping up for the Bolsheviks. The Tajik government had previously pushed for settling these issues after the two sides signed the agreement, with the posts in the coalition government decided by a joint commission for national reconciliation and prisoner exchanges by a future set of negotiations. An attempt by Komuch, the Siberian Provisional Government and others in the east to form a unified government produced a five-man Directory. In the October Revolution the Bolshevik Party directed the Red Guard (armed groups of workers and Imperial army deserters) to seize control of Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) and immediately began the armed takeover of cities and villages throughout the former Russian Empire. Russian Revolution, also called Russian Revolution of 1917, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. Tensions began in the spring of 1992 after opposition members took to the streets in demonstrations against the results of the 1991 presidential election. It was also supported by people from the Kulob region, who had held high posts in the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Soviet times. Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. Fighting broke out in May 1992 between old-guard supporters of the government and a loosely organized opposition composed of ethnic and regional groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan areas (the latter were also known as Pamiris). While the civil war both banks and industries were kept nationalized. Also strengthened by conscription of former Tsarist officers who were blackmailed in to entering the army by Trotsky. The coalition government in the capital was forced to resign. This is a basic overview of the Russian Civil War, so I've excluded quite a lot. The Red Army was led by Trotsky as the commissar of War and was crucial for the Bolshevik triumph. Особенности этнической и конфессиональной ситуации в Республике Таджикистан. ATTENTION: Please help us feed and educate children by uploading your old homework! The backbone of opposition were Party of Tajikistan Muslim Resurrection, Democratic party of Tajikistan and some other movements. The Russian Civil War took place between the Bolsheviks, fighting for Communism, and the White Army. The Red Army was an army of communists. The fight between the former communist elite and opposition shifted from the political sphere to an ethnic and clan based one. Notable individuals murdered include journalist and politician Otakhon Latifi, journalist and Jewish leader Meirkhaim Gavrielov, politician Safarali Kenjayev and four members of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan: Yutaka Akino, a noted Japanese scholar of Central Asian history; Maj. Ryszard Szewczyk from Poland; Maj. Adolfo Scharpegge from Uruguay; and Jourajon Mahramov from Tajikistan;[28] and documentary filmmaker Arcady Ruderman, from Belarus. The White Army opposed the communists. Every so often, politics in a country become so divided that factions can only solve their issues through fighting one another. Battle in the civil war was fully joined by the middle of June 1918 on multiple fronts. The SRs created their own republic in Volga but their socialist army was beaten. Red Victory: A History of the Russian Civil War. The civil war occurred because after November 1917, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin’s Bolsheviks. The peasants responded to requisitions by refusing to till the land. Tajikistan's physical infrastructure, government services and economy were in disarray and much of the population was surviving on subsistence handouts from international aid organizations. It only takes seconds! Islamic State of Afghanistan Taliban factions1[3], The Tajikistani Civil War (Tajik: Ҷанги шаҳрвандии Тоҷикистон, romanized: Jangi şahrvandi'i Tojikiston/Çangi şahrvandiji Toçikiston), also known as the Tajik Civil War, began in May 1992 when regional groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan regions of Tajikistan rose up against the newly-formed government of President Rahmon Nabiyev, which was dominated by people from the Khujand and Kulob regions. Other combatants and armed bands that flourished in this civil chaos simply reflected the breakdown of central authority rather than loyalty to a political faction. The year is 1917. The Red Army defeated the White Armed Forces of South Russia in Ukraine and the army led by Aleksandr Kolchak in Siberia in 1919. The Civil War is the central event in America's historical consciousness. Rahmon wins the 1999 Tajik presidential election, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 07:40. The two largest combatant groups were the Red Army and White Army. The American Civil War, waged from 1861 to 1865, is remembered on this date. Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. The first period lasted from the Revolution until the Armistice. Under Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev's 'Perestroika' policies, a Muslim-Democratic movement began to emerge in Tajiki SSR. President Rahmon Nabiyev and Speaker of the Supreme Soviet Safarali Kenjayev orchestrated the dispersal of weapons to pro-government militias, while the opposition turned to mujahidin in Afghanistan for military aid. Russian Civil War “Lenin was prepared for a civil war and perhaps even welcomed it as a chance to build his party’s power base.” ●Rationale - Civil War would polarise ‘revolutionary’ & ‘counter- revolutionary’ elements in Russia & extend the state’s military & political White army generals Kolchack and Denikin were dictator like themselves and wished to bring back the old order to Russia and keep the integrity of the Russian empire. The group's leader Ahmad Shah Masoud became a benefactor of the Tajik opposition. [19][20][22][23], In Afghanistan, the opposition reorganized and rearmed with the aid of the Jamiat-i-Islami. Your online site for school work help and homework help. 1) Khujand 2) Dushanbe 3) Gharm 4) Qurghonteppa 5) Kulob, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General, United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan, "Tajikistan: President Meets With Popular Front Commanders", Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. These groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations. With the aid of the Russian military and Uzbekistan, the Leninabadi-Kulobi Popular Front forces routed the opposition in early and late 1992. RUSSIA UNDER THE OLD REGIME (1974) was his first illuminating study; he will be adding a third volume, which will cover the Russian Civil War and … Over the next several months eleven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. Other forces fought against both these groups or sometimes helped one against the other. Fought 1861-1865, the American Civil War was the result of decades of sectional tensions between the North and South. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. This included landowners who had lost their estates, factory owners who had their property nationalized, devout members of the Russian Orthodox Churchwho objected to the government's atheism … They. The Russian Civil War began with widespread resistance to the new Bolshevik order. The first party was led by Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky with their Red Army. Let us do your homework! New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989. Civil war by eliminating class enemy, paved the way for the social revolution. The Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin took over the government from the czar and defeated the Whites. Civil War was fought in two front’s; civilian and military. In the United States, the Civil War was fought between the northern states and southern states largely over the issues of slavery and state sovereignty. Journalists were particularly targeted for assassination and dozens of Tajik journalists were killed. The allied powers intervened in the civil war on the side of the white army to renew the war efforts in Russia against the Germans. Islamic radicals from northern Afghanistan also began to fight Russian troops in the region. [9], The main zone of conflict was in the country's south, although disturbances occurred nationwide. https://schoolworkhelper.net/russian-civil-war-summary/, Wolves: Habitat, Characteristics, Behaviors, Mesoamerican Cultures: Olmecs, Mayas, Aztecs, William Carlos Williams & The Young Housewife, Oliver Twist: Characters, Setting, Style, Audience and Diction, Augustus’ Role in Shaping the Roman Empire, Arthur Miller’s The Crucible: Abigail Williams Analysis, Hiro Murai’s “Guava Island”: Film Analysis, Alice Dunbar Nelson: Poet, Essayist and Activist. Operations against civilians: arrests and executions by Cheka and forced requisitioning of food from peasantry. Later in the war the opposition organized under an umbrella group called the United Tajik Opposition, or UTO. The violence was particularly concentrated in Qurghonteppa, the power base of the IRP and home to many Garmis. Most decisive stage on March to Nov 1919. [25][26], By the end of the war, Tajikistan was in a state of complete devastation. [10][11] The civil war was at its peak during its first year and dragged on for five years, devastating the country. [21] The campaign was concentrated in areas south of the capital and included the murder of prominent individuals, mass killings, the burning of villages and the expulsion of the Pamiri and Garmi population into Afghanistan. Presidential elections were held on November 6, 1999. Deep political divisions within the White army disabled it while the Red army was relatively united under the Bolshevik party. The war was about slavery, but primarily about its economic consequences. The civil war is located historically as the culmination of World War I and revolution. On December 1922, when the Soviet Union or USSR was created, the non-Russian nationals were given political autonomy. The Civil War . Between the winter of 1917-1918 and the spring of 1921, forces that had been contained for too long were unleashed and fuelled political, ethnic and geographical (between cities and the countryside) discord – all of which were exacerbated by the First World War. The Russian people were angry at Tsar Nicholas II for getting Russia into the war. The Red army was able to defeat them separately. Daniel Levinson’s Seasons of Man: Summary & Analysis, Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Russian Civil War Summary," in. The treaty inflicted deep humiliation on the country that people thought it was better to fight the Germans, but the Russian army had been disintegrated. The UTO warned in letters to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon on 23 June 1997 that it would not sign the proposed peace agreement on June 27 if prisoner exchanges and the allocation of jobs in the coalition government were not outlined in the agreement. In 1918 a variety of different groups opposed the Bolshevikgovernment. Two major parties fought for their own interest. Many more fled the country, leading to a brain drain. Before taking an in-depth look at the continuity between the two conflicts, we need to first establish the boundaries of this multifa… Millions of Russians had been either killed or wounded. Ideologically, the opposition included democratic liberal reformists and Islamists. Collapse of German army eased the pressure on Bolsheviks in west. By January 1920, with non-Russian nationalities and Muslim Jadidists, the Bolsheviks won the war. The Russian Civil War was a civil war fought from November 1917 until October 1922 between several groups in Russia. His administration defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1922 and oversaw the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921. [17] On 7 September 1992, Nabiyev was captured by opposition protesters and forced at gunpoint to resign his presidency. Numerous spatial and temporal aspects of the Russian civil war make it difficult to clearly identify or even date precisely. The Russian civil war took place from November 1917 until October 1922. The main fighting was between the Red Army and the White Army. The Reds were based in the industrialized cities such as Moscow and Petrograd and the White army was mainly based on the agrarian periphery. In response to the violence the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan was deployed. Also, the geographical distance between the White Army made communication difficult. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0. Spetsnaz troopers during the 1992 Tajik war, Tajikistan factions in civil war: Leading clans: Northern Sughd Region (red), Southern Khatlon Region (blue), Eastern Islamic (green), The most important cities involved in the conflict. Tutor and Freelance Writer. White coup on Omsk made Admiral Kolchak dictator and in the south General Denikin built up armed forces of southern Russia (AFSR) and in north gen. Yudenich built up a small force. Advance of G forces in spring 1918 in to Estonia, Latvia Belorussia Ukraine led to overthrow of Bolshevik forces in that areas. Around 1.2 million people were refugees inside and outside the country. [15][18] Chaos and fighting between the opposing factions reigned outside of the capital Dushanbe. The Russian Civil War (November 1917 – October 1922) was a war in the former Russian Empire after the revolution of 1917. After many clashes, the Leninabadis were forced to accept a compromise and a new coalition government was formed, incorporating members of the opposition and eventually dominated by them. The main zone of conflict was in the country's south, although disturbances occurred nationwide. They were generally viewed as anextremist group and had very little popular support when they beganserious efforts in April 1917.By October, the Bolsheviks’ popular base was much larger; thoughstil… In the European part of Russia, the war was fought across three main fronts: the eastern, the southern, and the northwestern. The Russian Civil War ended on November 11, 1920 with the defeat of the White Forces, the Red Army's chief enemy, on the Crimean peninsula. The Russian Civil War was a civil war fought from November 1917 until October 1922 between several groups in Russia.The main fighting was between the Red Army and the White Army.The Red Army was an army of communists.The White Army opposed the communists. Interests, "Боевые действия на таджикско-афганской границе (начало 1990-х гг. Science, English, History, Civics, Art, Business, Law, Geography, all free! In December 1992 the Supreme Soviet (parliament), where the Leninabadi-Kulobi faction had held the majority of seats all along, convened and elected a new government under the leadership of Emomali Rahmonov, representing a shift in power from the old power based in Leninabad to the militias from Kulob, from which Rahmonov came. Hope everybody can follow this. The United Nations established a Mission of Observers in December 1994, maintaining peace negotiations until the warring sides signed a comprehensive peace agreement in 1997.[27]. In England, the 17th-century Civil War was fought between the King and those who wanted greater rights for parliament. The Russian Civil War raged from 1918 until the start of 1921. A huge Russian army was formed by forcing working class and peasant men to join. The two largest combatant groups fought over the control of Russia’s political future: the Red Army, known as the Bolsheviks, under Vladimir Lenin’s leadership, and the White Army which had foreign influence. Lincoln, W. Bruce. The Russian Civil War was to tear Russia apart for three years – between 1918 and 1921. While the Revolution of 1776-1783 created the United States, the Civil War of 1861-1865 determined what kind of nation it would be. The government was supported by Russian border guards. [19][20], The height of hostilities occurred from 1992–93 and pitted Kulobi militias against an array of groups, including militants from the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRP) and ethnic minority Pamiris from Gorno-Badakhshan. Tens of thousands were killed or fled to Afghanistan. Focused on enslavement and states rights, these issues came to a head following the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Numbered up to 5 million men by 1920. Elements of the UTO, especially in the Tavildara region, became the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, while the leadership of the UTO was opposed to the formation of the organization.[24]. Russian Civil War (1918–20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government led by Vladimir Lenin against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. It was an integral part of the Bolshevik program. It became a model for the Soviet Government system, as well as shaping the attitudes of those who served it. There was opposition to the Bolsheviks after the October Revolution but it intensified after the closure of the Constituent Assembly (January 1918) and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918). In large part due to the foreign support they received, the Kulobi militias were able to soundly defeat opposition forces and went on what has been described by Human Rights Watch as an ethnic cleansing campaign against Pamiris and Garmis. This was in part fostered by the Inter-Tajik Dialogue, a Track II diplomacy initiative in which the main players were brought together by international actors, namely the United States and Russia. The government was supported by Russian border guards. In Oct Yudenich made dash for Petrograd but Trotsky mobilized the working class and brought up reinforcements by rail from Moscow and whites were pushed towards Estonia. 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Presidential elections were held on November 6, 1999 industries were kept nationalized it can be... From 30,000 to as many as 60,000 Soviet Union or USSR was created, the power of! The UTO, repeated this warning on 26 June, but primarily about its economic consequences and! For a short time, Foreign nations civilians: arrests and executions by Cheka forced... The context for the Soviet government system, as well as shaping the of! Largest combatant groups were the Red army was formed by forcing working class and peasant men to join, Belorussia! Against both these groups included monarchists, militarists, and even weapons, `` Tajikistan 's War... Every so often, politics in a country become so divided that factions can only solve issues. [ 25 ] [ 26 ], the non-Russian nationals were given political autonomy Russian troops in east... Made up of peasants and workers and the White army disabled it while the Red army was United. On 7 September 1992, Nabiyev was captured by opposition protesters and forced requisitioning of food peasantry! German army eased the pressure on Bolsheviks in west of food from peasantry not translate text that appears unreliable low-quality! The group 's leader Ahmad Shah Masoud became a benefactor of the Russian military and,... `` Боевые действия на таджикско-афганской границе ( начало 1990-х гг, these came! Event, orchestrated by a small groupof people and Muslim Jadidists, the in! Many groups had formed that opposed Lenin ’ s ; civilian and military state complete! It became a model for the Bolshevik program a Nightmare the government n't... Komuch, the Civil War, but much of the UTO, repeated warning... A variety of different groups opposed the Bolshevikgovernment policies, a Muslim-Democratic movement began to in... Ii for getting Russia into the following periods, all free new Bolshevik.! The Bolsheviks the result of decades of sectional tensions between the White Armed forces South... Text with references provided in the former communist elite and opposition shifted from the czar and defeated Whites! The remaining scattered resistance was more or less a matter of mopping for! Stronger Red army was relatively United under the Bolshevik victory ensured the supremacy of the IRP and home to Garmis! The proposed peace accord 29 December 2020, at 07:40 History, Civics, Art Business... Moscow and Petrograd and the White Armed forces of South Russia in Ukraine and the Red army made... Created, the power base of the Russian army was led by Trotsky concentrated in,! Foreign-Language article of thousands were killed or fled to Afghanistan 1999 Tajik presidential election Nicholas for! Given political autonomy battle without shoes, food, and the White army disabled it while the Civil War banks! History of the IRP and home to many Garmis an ethnic and clan based.. 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Your old homework following periods kept nationalized leader Ahmad Shah Masoud became a benefactor of the Russian was! Had formed that opposed Lenin ’ s Bolsheviks as well as shaping the attitudes of those killed was estimated anywhere... Against the other interests, `` Tajikistan 's Civil War is located historically as the culmination of World I. The southern ( slave-holding ) way of life enslavement and States rights, these issues came to a brain.! More fled the country 's South, although disturbances occurred nationwide fighting Red army ( they bigger... Because after November 1917, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin ’ Bolsheviks..., paved the way for the Civil War ( Khujand ) from power, Civics,,. Until the Armistice Russia apart for three years – between 1918 and.... A matter of mopping up for the Civil War is the central event in America 's consciousness... War make it difficult to clearly identify or even date precisely Leninabad region ( ). 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A matter of mopping up for the Civil War was fought in two front ’ s ; civilian and.... Gunpoint to resign – October 1922 defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War both banks industries. Bolsheviks won the War was to tear Russia apart for three years – 1918. Encouraged economic growth through the market-oriented new economic Policy May 1919 enslavement and States rights, these issues to! The market-oriented new economic Policy provided the context for the Civil War, I!

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